New family planning program in rural India succeeds twofold
As the second most populous country in the world there are many studies conducted on the efficacy of recent family planning programs enacted in India. “Roughly 153 million women in the world do not have sufficient access to family planning services. More than one in five of these women live in India” (University of California - San Diego). In one such study, CHARM, researchers from the University of California San Diego School of Medicine, has been found to increase proper use of modern contraceptives, but also to minimize male violence in marital relationships.
Couples placed in the CHARM program were given 18 months of family planning counseling, both as individuals and together as a couple. Compared to control couples, those given CHARM counseling showed far greater contraceptive communication within the relationship which correlated to lowered marital violence. Researchers in the CHARM program attributed this to increased male involvement in the family planning process, allowing for gender equality in the discussion. "CHARM is not only a demonstration that men can be effectively engaged in family planning, it also shows that private providers can support the public health family planning system to achieve India's goals to reduce unintended pregnancy at a national scale,” concludes Niranjan Saggurti, PhD, a study co-author and a Senior Program Officer at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (University of California - San Diego).
University of California - San Diego. (2016, May). Modern family planning in India. Retrieved from https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/05/160511154154.htm